FARM DIVERSIFICATION IN THE CENTRAL HIGHLANDS OF ETHIOPIA. PATTERNS, DETERMINANTS AND ITS EFFECT ON HOUSEHOLD INCOME

Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics, RAAE, VOL.23, No. 1/2020

ARTICLE TYPE: REGULAR ARTICLE
PUBLISHED: 07.03.2020
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KEYWORDS:
Agriculture, competition; diversification pattern; mixed farming
DOI NUMBER:
10.15414/raae.2020.23.01.73-82
ABSTRACT:
Crop-livestock production is the major farming system in the highlands of Ethiopia. This study aimed to describe crop-livestock diversification pattern, examine determinants of diversification patterns, and evaluate effects of diversification on household income. Principal component analysis (PCA), seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) and ordinary least square (OLS) regression models were employed. Five major crop-livestock diversification patterns: sheep and goat, staple crops, chicken, vegetables, and animal feed-based farming were identified. The SUR model revealed that sex, education, income, extension contact, land size, market and road distance, irrigated land, and household size were significant factors that influence crop-livestock diversification patterns. It is also found that sheep and goat, vegetable, and chicken-based farming were significant production patterns that had positive effects on household income. We suggest that adoptive and adaptive agricultural practices such as small-scale irrigation, chicken rearing and sheep-based production patterns are the most potential farming systems in the highlands of Ethiopia.
JEL CODES:
C12, C38, D13, Q12
PAGES:
73 - 82
Please Cite this Article as:

Wuletaw MEKURIA, Kindu MEKONNEN, Marelign ADUGNA (2020) Farm Diversification In The Central Highlands Of Ethiopia. Patterns, Determinants And Its Effect On Household Income. Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics. XXIII (Number 1, 2020): 73-82. doi: 10.15414/raae.2020.23.01.73-82
URL for sharing:

https://roaae.org/1336-9261/doi/abs/10.15414/raae.2020.23.01.73-82

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Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics | ISSN 1336-9261
Faculty of Economics and Management of the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra and the Association of Agricultural Economists in Slovakia.
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