TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION BY MAIZE FARMERS IN THREE AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES OF GHANA

Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics, RAAE, VOL.19, No. 2/2016

ARTICLE TYPE: REGULAR ARTICLE
RECORD ONLINE: 16.10.2016
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KEYWORDS:
Food security, Ghana, Impact assessment, Technology adoption, Technical efficiency
DOI NUMBER:
10.15414/raae.2016.19.02.39-50
ABSTRACT:
Using a farm household data from 3 agroecological zones of Ghana, this paper investigates the causal relationship between the adoption of improved maize variety and technical efficiency or productivity. The empirical results show a positive relationship between the adoption of improved maize variety and technical efficiency or productivity of farmers in the Semi-deciduous forest and Guinea Savannah zones. Generally, adopters of improved maize variety are about 6% to 8% more efficient than non-adopters. The estimated percentage increase in productivity due to the adoption of improved maize variety is about 53%. In the Semi-deciduous forest agroecological zone, adopters of improved maize variety are about 25% to 36% more efficient than non-adopters whilst in the Guinea Savannah agroecological zone, adopters of improved maize variety are about 15% to 26% more efficient than non-adopters. The estimated percentage increase in productivity due to adoption of the improved maize variety is about 8% in the Semi-deciduous forest zone and about 11% in the Guinea Savannah zone. The impact of adoption on technical efficiency in the Transitional zone is however negative. Adopters of improved maize variety are 7% to 8% less efficient than non-adopters and the estimated percentage decrease in productivity due to adoption of the improved maize variety is about 15%. Food safety net policies should pay attention to increased development and dissemination of improved crop varieties suitable to different agroecological zones.
JEL CODES:
D24; Q15; Q18
PAGES:
39 - 50
Please Cite this Article as:

Victor OWUSU (2016) Technical Efficiency Of Technology Adoption By Maize Farmers In Three Agro-ecological Zones Of Ghana. Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics. XIX (Number 2, 2016): 39-50. doi: 10.15414/raae.2016.19.02.39-50
URL for sharing:

https://roaae.org/1336-9261/doi/abs/10.15414/raae.2016.19.02.39-50

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Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics | ISSN 1336-9261
Faculty of Economics and Management of the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra and the Association of Agricultural Economists in Slovakia.
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